Standard cosmology: Fundamentals of General Relativity for cosmology;
Cosmological models; Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric
(2 hrs.)

Thermodynamics of the Universe: elements of kinetic theory
in the expanding Universe; evolution of the entropy and of the main
thermodynamical quantities; photon and neutrino decoupling; relic
particles (4 hrs.)

Inflation: problems of the standard cosmological model;
kinematics and dynamics of inflation models; generation of
primordial perturbations and their effects on the Cosmic Microwave
Background. (6 hrs.)

Gravitational Instability: linear evolution of perturbations;
Jeans scale; free-streaming, models with dark matter and baryons;
cold dark matter, hot dark matter, etc.. (5 hrs.)

Statistics of cosmological perturbations:
power-spectrum; transfer function; filter functions; higher-order
statistics (2 hrs.)

Non-linear evolution of perturbations: N-body techniques; spherical
model; Ze'dovich approximation and adhesion theory. (3 hrs.)

Dark Energy: observational aspects; models. (2 hrs.)


- P. Coles and F. Lucchin, 2001. Cosmology: the Origin and Evolution of Cosmic Structure, Wiley.
- S. Dodelson, 2003. Modern Cosmology, Academic Press.
- E.W. Kolb and M.S. Turner, 1990. The Early Universe, Addison-Wesley.
- A.R. Liddle and D.H. Lyth, 2000. Cosmological Inflation and Large-Scale
Structure, Cambridge University Press.
- P.J.E. Peebles, 1993. Principles of Physical Cosmology, Princeton Univ. Press.
- S. Weinberg 2008, Cosmology, Oxford Univ. Press.